Istanbul New Airport is being built on a greenfield site. Currently over 1.000,000 cubic meters of soil are drilled and transported every day.
IGA aims to control and minimize any environmental impact it may cause during the construction and operation of the airport. The company is committed to maintaining the ecological quality of the area and to preserving plant and animal diversity. A number of experts are carrying out protection studies and making observations about the natural life, biodiversity, and human impact on the nature around the airport.
The measures to preserve nature are diverse. Species of flora naturally growing on the project site are secured and stored for later use in landscaping the airport. Seeds from endemic plants were collected and transferred to Ankara Seed Bank. IGA has vowed to plant five new trees for each tree cut down. As part of the fauna protection program, turtles were collected for relocation to suitable habitats.
Five ornithologists are employed; their task is to establish a bird database and to organize a “Bird Management Program.” For the first time in the world bird monitoring has been supported by a 24/7 bird radar from the construction phase onward.
The local population is also involved. IGA maintains open communication and cooperation. A complaints mechanism has been established in order to receive and correctly manage comments, complaints, and suggestions from the public.
Once finished, Istanbul New Airport will be operated as a “green” airport. It will generate its own energy, purify wastewater, make use of rainwater, and recycle its waste. The airport is planning to receive a LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certificate.
Developed by the non-profit U.S. Green Building Council, this is one of the most popular green building certification programs used worldwide. It includes a set of rating systems for the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of green buildings and helps building owners and operators to be environmentally responsible and use resources efficiently. Among the buildings to receive a LEED certificate is the Empire State Building in the USA and Taipei 101, a 508-meter skyscraper in Taiwan.